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January 29, 2024

ActionAid, as an organization currently providing relief and support in Gaza and the wider region, is deeply alarmed and concerned by the decision of some of the world’s wealthiest nations to suspend funding to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA). This reckless action spells a death sentence for millions of Palestinians in Gaza and the surrounding region, intensifying an already catastrophic humanitarian crisis for millions of people. Funding cuts for UNRWA will also have broader regional consequences for Palestinian refugees residing in Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon, where essential humanitarian aid is crucial for both the refugees and the host communities.

ActionAid welcomes UNRWA’s investigation related to the allegations involving a small group of UNRWA staff members in the October 7th attacks, however, we vehemently denounce the callous choice to punish an entire population by some of the very nations that previously called for increased aid and protection for humanitarians in Gaza.  

The withdrawal of funding by these donor countries is nothing short of a death sentence for approximately two million civilians, with over half of them being children who depend on UNRWA aid in Gaza to survive.

As reported by UN experts, all children under five in Gaza – 335,000 – are at high risk of severe malnutrition as the risk of famine increases by the day. This heartless decision will strip away life-saving assistance at a time when civilians face the grim reality of starvation, impending famine, and the spread of diseases exacerbated by Israel’s relentless indiscriminate bombardment and calculated deprivation of aid in Gaza.  

In its ruling last week, the International Court of Justice ordered that “Israel must take immediate and effective measures to enable the provision of urgently needed basic services and humanitarian assistance to address the adverse conditions of life faced by Palestinians in the Gaza Strip”. It is the duty of all countries who signed the convention to ensure that these measures that are aimed at preventing irreparable damage to the rights of Palestinians are upheld. The only way that this can be done is through cooperation with international partners, especially UNRWA, the largest humanitarian actor in Gaza.

With more than 152 UNRWA staff already killed and more than 141 UNRWA facilities lying in rubble or irreparably damaged by the relentless bombardment, UNRWA is a vital lifeline for Palestinians in the Gaza Strip. It is the largest humanitarian organization in the region and plays an indispensable role in providing vital aid. UNRWA staff, many of whom have experienced multiple displacements in Gaza, are risking their lives every day to facilitate aid distribution in the region. Cutting their jobs would represent a setback in expanding the delivery of essential aid to Gaza and will inevitably result in many local staff losing their only source of income in a humanitarian emergency. Without these thousands of dedicated staff members, reaching those in need with the necessary assistance would be impossible.

At a time when one million displaced Palestinians are seeking refuge in or around 154 UNRWA shelters, the agency, along with other aid organizations, has bravely persevered in providing life-saving humanitarian assistance such as food, vaccinations, and freshwater amid unimaginable difficulties.

The decision to suspend funding from these countries is tantamount to a death sentence for Palestinians as they are deprived of essentials such as food, water, medical aid, education, and protection. This role cannot be taken on by any other organization.

We urge the donor states to reverse this decision. It is outrageously irresponsible to sanction an organization and collectively punish the entire community it serves because a few individuals are accused of criminal acts, especially at a time of unprecedented humanitarian needs. The collective punishment of Palestinians in Gaza and the surrounding region must stop immediately. Donor countries must honor their commitments to the Palestinian people and increase their humanitarian aid immediately. If they withdraw their support now, the already dire humanitarian crisis will escalate into a catastrophe of unimaginable proportions. 


For media requests, please email or call 202-731-9593.

Spokespeople available:

  • Niranjali Amerasinghe, Executive Director of ActionAid USA
  • Riham Jafari, Coordinator of Advocacy and Communication for ActionAid Palestine

About ActionAid   

ActionAid is a global federation working with more than 41 million people living in more than 71 of the world’s poorest countries. We want to see a just, fair, and sustainable world, in which everybody enjoys the right to a life of dignity, and freedom from poverty and oppression. We work to achieve social justice and gender equality and to eradicate poverty.   

Support Palestinians in crisis

As the human rights of people in the occupied Palestinian territories continue to be abused, women and children are especially at risk. Gaza faces a dire lack of medical facilities, schools, and homes, as so many have been hit by Israeli airstrikes. ActionAid works in communities near the border with Israel that have been most directly affected by the violence. ActionAid's women-led response is supporting the most vulnerable and marginalized individuals and communities.